Hem preparat una llista de vocabulari en anglès relacionat amb COVID-19, tambén conegut mundialment com a coronavirus 😷 És molt útil entendre els conceptes mèdits més rellevants durant un moment de crisis de salut mundial i estar al dia amb notícies internacionals. Aquesta llista t’ajudarà a identificar i definir algunes paraules clau relacionades amb aquest nou virus que podeu escoltar o llegir a la premsa i, com no, també llegir/veure a fake news que ens envien per whatsapp.
- asymptomatic (adj) = asimptomàtic
Some individuals who are infected with the coronavirus can spread it even though they have no symptoms, known as asymptomatic transmission.
- breathing difficulties (noun) -dificultats respiratòries
Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties.
- carrier (noun) – portador
A Chinese disease carrier faces jail in Singapore for lying about movements
- contagious (also infectious) (adj) – contagiós o infecciós
Another key unknown is how contagious the coronavirus is.
- contact tracing (noun) – rastreig de contactes
One of the ways we protect the public from infectious diseases like novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is contact tracing
- corona (noun) – latin for “crown”
Under a microscope, these viruses are characterized by circles with spikes ending in little blobs which look like crowns.
- COVID-19 (CoronaVirus Disease) (noun)
COVID-19 was first identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
- diagnose (verb) – diagnosticar
We need a cheap way to diagnose coronavirus so we can quickly detect and contain the disease.
- diarrhea (noun) – diarrea
Gastrointestinal symptoms (vomiting and diarrhea) have been reported.
- droplet (noun) – gota
People are wearing masks to guard against the disease carried in droplets when infected people sneeze or cough.
- fatality (also mortality rate) (noun) – fatalitat, taxa de mortalitat
Coronavirus fatality rates vary wildly depending on age, gender and medical history
- incubation period (noun) – període d’incubació
The incubation period of the novel COvid-19 coronavirus could be as long as 27 days
- isolation (noun) – aïllament
Travellers arriving from infected areas are immediately put in isolation.
- outbreak (noun) / break out (verb) – brot (nom), esclatar (verb)
What will the government do if there is a coronavirus outbreak and how prepared is the health service?
- pandemic (noun) – pandèmia
The rapid spread of the novel coronavirus is raising the spectre of a global pandemic as governments ramp up their emergency responses.
- PCR test (noun) – prova PCR
Several international groups have been working from these sequence data to design primers for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests (one of the tools that doctors use to diagnose the coronavirus).
- pneumonia (noun) – pneumònia
In December 2019, a cluster of patients with pneumonia of unknown cause was linked to a seafood wholesale market in Wuhan, China.
- quarantine (noun) – quarantena
In 1448 that the Venetian authorities decreed 40 days quarantine for sailors returning from Asia to check for symptoms (quaranta in Italian).
- screening (noun) – revisió
All incoming passengers were screened on arrival.
- superspreader (noun)
A British coronavirus “super spreader” who may have infected nearly a dozen other people has been released from the hospital.
- symptoms (noun) – símptomes
Phone 061 if you are suffering from the typical symptoms of COVID-19 – fever, coughing, and shortness of breath.
- transmission (noun) – transmissió
China’s national health commission has confirmed human-to-human transmission
- vaccine (noun) – vacuna
The World Health Organisation said this week it may be 18 months before a vaccine against the coronavirus is publicly available.
- zoonotic (adjective) – zoonòtic
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people.