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Sin más, ¡entramos en materia ya con los Reporting verbs!

REPORTING VERBS

En nuestro artículo sobre el Reported Speech, hablamos sobre cómo cambia el Direct Speech (“I like dogs”) al aplicarle el Reported Speech (“He said he liked dogs”), usando el verbo “say”, “tell” y “ask”. Estos verbos (y muchos más) son los Reporting Verbs.

Como acabamos de decir, también podemos usar otros verbos que “reporten” lo que alguien ha dicho, como promise, warn, advice y recommend. Estos pueden hacer que tus frases, tanto al hablar como al escribir, suenen más interesantes y elaboradas que simplemente reproduciendo lo que aquella persona dijo. Además, es una forma también más eficiente.

Recordemos:

Una frase en Direct Speech:

I’m sure that everything will be alright in the end”

Pasémosla al Reported Speech:

Con “say”, tendríamos que decir más palabras en esta oración:

He said that he was sure that everything would be alright.

Si utilizamos un REPORTING VERB nos aseguraremos de poder hacer estas oraciones más cortas y claras:

He assured me that everything would be alright.

Cada verbo, sin embargo, sigue uno de estos patrones:

  • I explained (that) I had been at the bank all this time.
  • The airline reassured me that this had never happened before.
  • She agreed to go to the party.
  • She reminded him to come to our house at the weekend.
  • She suggested having the party at Peter’s place.

Repasemos algunos de los REPORTING VERBS que puedes utilizar y unos ejemplos:

*NO CONFUNDIR Advise (verbo) con Advice (sustantivo).

  • Advise + someone + to + infinitive

She advised him to see a doctor.

  • Advise + (that) + clause

The staff advise that you carry water at all times.

  • Advise + against + verb-ing

I’d advise against leaving early. (Desaconsejar)

  • Agree + to + infinitive

We agreed to catch up at the weekend.

  • Agree + (that) + clause

She agreed that we could leave earlier today.

  • Apologise + (to + someone) + for + verb-ing

They apologised to the staff for not telling them about the closure.

She apologised for arriving late.

  • Apologise (+ to + someone) + for + noun

The hotel manager apologised for the delay.

  • Decide + to + infinitive

We decided to have lunch earlier.

  • Decide + (that) + clause

We decided that we would have lunch earlier.

  • Encourage + someone + to + infinitive

I encouraged him to start on his online course.

  • Explain + (that) + clause

I explained that it wasn’t too late.

  • Explain + noun + to + someone

I explained the grammar to him.

NO DECIR: I explained him the grammar

  • Explain + question word + to + infinitive

I explained how to access the course.

  • Explain + question word + clause

We explained why it was important.

  • Insist + on + verb-ing

He insisted on coming to the party.

  • Insist + (that) + clause

He insisted that he came to our party.

  • Promise + to + infinitive

He promised to work harder.

  • Promise + (someone) + (that) + clause

I promised him that I would work harder.

  • Recommend + verb-ing

I recommend starting as soon as possible.

  • Recommend + (that) + clause

I recommend that you start as soon as possible.

  • Remind + someone + to + infinitive

She reminded him to start before it was too late.

  • Remind + someone + (that) + clause

She reminded him that it was important to start.

  • Suggest + verb-ing

She suggested starting soon.

  • Suggest + (that) + clause

She suggested that he started soon.

  • Warn + someone + (not) + to + infinitive

I warned him not to go near the dog.

  • Warn + someone + about + something

I warned him about the dangerous dog.

NEGATIVOS

Para hacer los verbos que hemos reportado en negativo, nos tenemos que fijar en el verbo del Direct Speech:

  • Cuando hay una frase, hacemos el negativo de forma normal: «She suggested that we didn’t go to the party.»
  • Cuando hay ‘to + infinitive’, generalmente ponemos ‘not’ antes del ‘to’: «He promised not to go near the dog again.»
  • Cuando hay ‘verb-ing’, generalmente ponemos ‘not’ delante del verbo: «I advised not taking the train.»
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