Describir una foto en inglés suele ser una de las tareas que se piden en la parte del Speaking de los exámenes de Cambridge. Estar preparado para esta tarea es básico para poder mantener el control, estar seguros y… ¡bordarlo el día del examen!

Hoy te queremos mostrar unos pasos muy simples para describir una foto en inglés ¡con éxito!

Descripción general

El primer consejo que podemos darte es que empieces describiendo la imagen a nivel general, por ejemplo, explicar qué objetos principales puedes ver.

Algunas frases en inglés que puedes utilizar:

  • This is a photo of a / some
  • In the photo, I can see…
  • The photo shows…
  • You can see…
  • There is / There are…

Detalles concretos

El segundo consejo o paso es empezar a entrar en detalles. Te dejamos algunos ejemplos que puedes utilizar:

Posición y localización:

  • in the distance
  • at the top
  • in the middle of / in the centre of the picture
  • behind / in front of / between / next to
  • in the picture on the left / right
  • in the foreground / background
  • at the bottom / on the right corner

Personas:

Consejo: menciona quién hay en la foto, qué están haciendo, dónde están, por qué están en esta situación, cómo se sienten, qué ha sucedido…

  • She’s wearing sports clothes…
  • He’s got dark-hair and he’s got a beard…
  • He’s smiling and he looks friendly.

Escenario:

Consejo: describe la época del año, la forma de la fotografía…

  • The photo was taken on holiday / in springtime / during a holiday / at night
  • They look like they are posing for a selfie.
  • It’s a black-and-white photo.
  • The composition of the photo is interesting.

Especulación:

Consejo: haz una suposición si no estás 100% seguro de lo que está pasando en la fotografía.

  • Perhaps/Maybe they’re…
  • It’s difficult to tell but they may be…
  • He may / might / could be in his forties
  • She can’t be older than him because
  • He must be cold because..
  • They are definitely…
  • She probably…
  • I expect…
  • It looks as if…He looks like he…It seems like…
  • The people seem to be / appear to be…

Comparación (si hay dos fotografías)

Si la instrucción el día del examen es la de comparar las fotografías no pierdas el tiempo describiéndolas. Haz lo que te piden. Te dejamos con algunos ejemplos que puedes utilizar:

Comparar – hablar de parecidos:

  • Both pictures show…
  • In both pictures there is / there are…
  • …the same as…
  • …similar to…
  • …as (adjective) as…

Contrastar – hablar de las diferencias:

  • The first picture shows…but/whereas/while the other one shows…
  • One of these pictures shows…while the other shows…
  • Although the first picture is… the second picture…
  • …different from…
  • …not as (adjective) as…

Comparaciones:

  • …more than…
  • …looks more peaceful than…
  • …much more / a lot more…
  • …slightly more / a little bit more…

Aportar una reacción personal

Si quieres decir cómo te hace sentir la fotografía puedes utilizar:

  • In my opinion, it reminds me of…
  • Personally, I remember a similar experience…
  • I think it looks like they are having a lovely time together.
  • If I had to choose, I would like to / I’d like to… have a room like this
  • I don’t think… this room is a good place to study, it’s very untidy!

Te dejamos con ejemplos de cómo describir una foto en inglés para los niveles intermediate y uppper-intermediate.

Nivel B1

This is a picture of a big city on a river. In the foreground, I can see two boats on the river. In the background there are some beautiful buildings. There are trees along the river and there is some traffic on the road. On the right, there is a big modern building. I think it is a museum or concert hall. I can see a family at the entrance. They look very happy. Maybe they are going to concert or a show because they are wearing smart clothes. The photo was taken from high up, perhaps from a skyscraper or a tall building or possibly a drone. In my opinion, it must be the city is London and the river is the River Thames. I would like to visit London one day.

Nivel B2

Both pictures show types of landscapes. The first picture shows the view, perhaps from a cliff by the seaside… it could be the Costa Brava…whereas the second picture shows the view from a country house in the mountains… it might be in the Pyrenees. The photos are probably taken during the summer because it appears to be a sunny day with clear, blue skies. I think that the advantage of staying near the place in the first picture would be that you can go to the beach while the advantage of staying near the second picture could be that it is more peaceful and cheaper. I think both places look lovely, but personally speaking, the first place may be more fun.

Nivel C1

What first strikes me first about these photos is that in both of them the people look like they’re very worried about something. Judging from the first photograph, it seems that the person is taking an exam because it looks like they are sitting in an academic setting…whereas the other person appears to be sitting in a traffic jam. It’s difficult to tell but this photo might have been taken at rush hour when it’s more likely that the roads are congested and you could be held up for a long time. I think both photos clearly show stressful situations but the first gets the message across more effectively. As far as road rage is concerned, I think you have to breathe deeply and be patient because it is dangerous to get too stressed, both for yourself and other people. My advice would be to anyone suffering exam stress, prepare, prepare, prepare. If you revise a lot, you feel less stressed. Personally, the first photo is something I really relate to because I’ve just done exams and I’ve gone through that same situation recently.

Recuerda que es importante, a la hora de describir una foto en inglés, utilizar una gran variedad de estructuras. En nuestro blog encontrarás muchísimo material gratuito que te irá muy bien para enriquecer tu expresión oral.

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